Formula 1

Late Renault Switch Gave McLaren Engine Packaging Problems – Tim Goss

2 Mins read
Credit: Steven Tee/McLaren

The McLaren F1 Team’s technical director Tim Goss admits the team were presented with challenges following the Woking-based outfit’s decision to switch from Honda to Renault power in 2018, but the chassis design has not been compromised.

Goss said the rear of the car needed some adaptation due to the different configuration of the Renault power unit compared to its Honda predecessor, particularly in the where the turbocharger is located, but everything has been quickly redesigned to fit the new engine ahead of the new season.

“The Renault architecture is very different,” said Goss to “You have two fundamental engine architectures out there.

“You have the Mercedes/Honda approach, and you have got the Ferrari/Renault approach. Essentially the difference comes down to where the turbocharger sits.

“The Mercedes/Honda approach is you have the compressor on the front of the engine, the turbine on the back of the engine and the MGU-H sat in the middle of the V. The Ferrari/Renault approach is that you have got the compressor sat at the back of the engine, the MGU-H behind it and the turbine behind that.

“They require a very different approach to your chassis and your gearbox, and now we have had recent experience of both we can see there are pros and cons of both.”

The packaging of the Renault power unit has required McLaren to do some adaptation to the car, with Goss revealing that the fuel tank, gearbox and rear suspension have all been altered to accept the new unit.

“We had to reconfigure the chassis, change the cooling system and reconfigure the gearbox to make it fit,” said Goss. “But we’ve managed that in time without any significant compromise to the chassis. It was quite a big change.

“The Renault engine will sit further forward in the chassis. With the Honda you had the air intake that had to come down into the front of the engine, and that volume came out of your fuel cell. So as a result, the chassis was longer.

“But then what you hadn’t got was a turbocharger sat off the back of the engine, which then gets in the way of your inboard suspension. So you ended up with a much easier task at the back of the engine.

“When you move to a Renault, suddenly the front of the engine becomes a lot simpler and as the result we win back a substantial amount of fuel volume. You can push the engine forwards and the aerodynamic blockage of the engine and exhaust is considerably better, because that has moved forwards behind the chassis.

“But then you have a turbocharger that is sat in the bell housing and, as a result, to accommodate that you have to redesign your rear suspension internals and lengthen the gearbox.

“But we’ve done a fantastic job. A really fantastic job. It was very, very intense. We had pretty much two weeks of very intense effort to get it sorted, but we knew pretty much what we needed to do.”

Goss says that McLaren would not have been able to make all the relevant changes in time had the decision to switch to Renault was made any later than it was.

“There are things I love about the Renault approach and there are things that frustrate me a little bit, but in the end we were fortunate that the decision to move from one engine to another was made just in time,” said Goss.

“It couldn’t have been made any later.”

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